Closing Statement at the Fourth SPS Congress
February 17, 2000
Speech delivered by: Slobodan Milošević Chairman of the SPS
This year marks the tenth anniversary of the establishment of the Socialist Party of Serbia.
Its establishment coincides with a the beginning of the decade in which the countries of Eastern Europe, a part of countries of Central Europe, and Euro-Asian region, where the Soviet Union was until recently, generally entered a major crisis. That has been manifested as a civilizational degradation of these societies and the break-up of all multinational States (Soviet Union, Czechoslovakia and Yugoslavia) and the emergence of several hotbeds of crisis in two of these three countries (Russia and Yugoslavia).
Throughout that decade that
has been marked by the ongoing crisis, the Socialist Party of Serbia from its
very inception until today, did all it could preserve
Those efforts of the
Socialist Party of Serbia have produced results.
The Socialist Party of
Serbia rightfully considers that it is thanks to its efforts that in these
years of fighting for the survival of Serbia, despite all outside pressures and
all internal obstructions against it, it managed to maintain its economic and
social stability ag a higher level than all other
countries of the region which avoided the break-up of the State, major
demographic disturbances, war and sanctions. Finally, the Socialist Party of
Serbia considers that it is mostly thanks to its efforts that
If the Socialist Party of Serbia and Serbia did all they could for the Serbs outside Serbia in war and peace-time in the territory of the former Yugoslavia, for the Serbs, who at the very beginning of the winds of war and throughout, sought refuge in Serbia, the Socialist Party of Serbia and Serbia did more than they could.
That will be an outstanding
topic for history and ethics. The Serbs who arrived in Serbia in the first half
of the 90's from the territories engulfed by the war in Croatia and Bosnia and
Herzegovina were the only refugees in the world that have been treated as equal
citizens in the country in which they found refuge - the citizens that have
often been, as we all know full well, more equal than the citizens of Serbia.
They have embarked upon a new life in
I am listing these facts and presenting these assessments because no time, including the present, will be spared subsequent falsifications which serve someone's interests and daily events.
We have no intention of renouncing any false move, but it should be noted that we have no intention either of renouncing impressive good results that this Party achieved for the Serb State, for all citizens living in it and the Serb people on the whole.
These positive results include, therefore, not only freedom and independence but an impressive upward development trend achieved in the most precarious conditions, from the beginning of 1994. Later on, the lifting of the greatest part of the sanctions and reduction of obligations towards the Serbs outside Serbia after end of the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina, have eased the burden that Serbia carried until then, so that in 1997 bulding and creative activities were in the ascendant in general, while economic and cultural ties were restored with all, even with the proponents on the sanctions and all other pressures.
Such a perspective of
The bill for such creative and emancipated response was delivered already a year later. Urgently the repression of more than million innocent Albanians by Serbs chauvinists and terrorists was concocted. The genocide against Albanians was invented as a pretext for genocide against the only disobedient European people, a rarely emancipated European people at that.
The Socialist Party of Serbia and the authorities in Serbia, comprising the Socialist Party of Serbia along with other parties of different political but the same patriotic orientation, did all they could so that the relations between the Serbs and Albanians and all others in Kosovo be set up in line with our experience - meaning, in a tolerant way - so that they did for centuries in the past - meaning, together and without subjugation from any part.
For no fault of our own, we have accepted to prove that we are not guilty. We have accept, for, no reason, an outside meditation to go to the side which has provoked the conflicts, to treat the representatives for that side as well-meaning representatives of the international community, although we as all others in the world, knew perfectly well, that these are the representatives of an independent political will who usurped international rules of the game, harbouring ill - intentioned towards stubborn and disobedient Serbs. Had we, at many negotiations, from Belgrade to Rambouillet in 1998 and 1999 respectively, accepted the proposals of the so called international community regarding the relations between the Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo, it would have been the same as though in the end of the 30 's and the beginning od 40's the Jews in Germany had accepted to have carried out genocide against the Germans in Germany.
This is how almost a
three-month long daily bombing of
The entire world is aware
that in this war we have offered resistance ia all ways - by arms, media and morally. And that in all of the three ways we were superior. By arms,
because not even the state-of-the-art weapons of the 20th century could
overpower the resistance of little
The textbook on Fascism is
not completed yet. The most convincing pages are yet to be written on the
exterminating the Serbs. The erstwhile pogrom of Jews, communists, Slavs and
Gypsies, required a wide territory for retaliation. The forces were to be
deployed from the
I am not going to mention those countries and peoples that have already been defeated. Particularly not since those defeats are not final. As long as those nations are alive, like people, they have a chance to get up, to get angry, to stand up to tyranny and to conquer it.
But, let me mention those
that still consider themselves free. Today, it is
The only obstacle that can stand in the way of this crusade can be reason. The reason of the mankind, because this time mankind is the ultimate goal.
This Party and this country are sending a message to the mankind that it has the most powerful, so far unbeatable and honourable weapons at that - reason. the only weapons that can protect the world, human kind, not only from total colonization that is the works but from the possible end that it will hardly be able to be avoided should it continue to embrace gullible hopes and tragic illusion that evil is something that happens to others and that they will be spared.
The bombing of
There is no other way anyway.
That is why this shameful mission of the so called international community in Kosovo and Metohija which in all areas suffered a total fiasco, should be ended as soon as possible and the authorities of our country, should resume full authority over that sovereign part of our territory.
On the other hand, we are fully capable of guaranteeing peace and security, freedom and equality to the citizens of Kosovo and Metohija without any outside assistance. The fact that this State throughout all the ten years of greatest crises and pressures, the only one that fully maintained its multi-national character and has not discriminate against anyone, most convincingly and undoubtedly confirms that it is true.
Despite all the blows that Serbia suffered from the world, the sanctions and violence, turning the blind eye on the plight of its small and peace-loving people and expectations that the evil looming over it will somehow be resolved of its own accord, that the tyrants will get tired of tormenting the same victim and look for the other one elsewhere, namely, despite all those blows, Serbia and us living here, do not wish evil to anyone, we do not seek to repay this bloody debt to anyone and we still tend to believe, as Christians of leftists, who knows, that justice and good will prevail. But, our own experience as well as the experiences of others have taught us that the good and justice do not happen of their own accord, it takes enormous, and with the passage of time, increasingly organized efforts to defeat evil - hatred among nations and violence between them.
Even more so today, when
danger of global violence is certain, what we need is an organized resistance
to violence on a global scale. Small
Throughout its history, the mankind was faced with different dogmas - from common-sense stubbornness, including religious, national, ideological, political, economic and professional dogmas. I do not know what new name could be given to this new dogma. Its danger lies in the fact that it is of planetary proportions, that it excludes all other dogmas and any other thought that is outside its own system of thought. Its essence is in the message addressed to all - you either live according to one rule or you do not live at all.
We, gathered here in this hall and from this country believe in the forces of resistance. And the power of reason. We are here for the time and people who have power, knowledge and courage to stand in the way by joining efforts to oppose hatred and violence against nations and people.
Favouring the idea that it is necessary to
jointly resist evil, the Socialist Party of Serbia in its own country advocates
that all proponents of progress come together. All political and patriotic task. Exposed to all pressures that can be
applied to people by other people - outside physical, economic, financial,
media, political, psychological and environmental and faced, unfortunately.
with the support of these pressures from the inside,
Different ideas on the concept of the State and society that parties differ about should wait for better and more peaceful times.
At the moment, country defends itself from the evil looming over it and the left and the right should stand together, the religious ones and atheists, those educated and those who are not, the old and the young, those who did not get along well or love each other, those who did not talk to each other, those who think that they have forever and definitely parted ways. Those who have one thing in common - the love of their country. And that they feel obliged to defend it from the colonial status where foreign armies will march in, whose economy will be in the function of development of other countries, whose culture will be ruined, whose past will be wiped out and who will be ruled by those bribed or blackmailed hoodlums whom every nation has even at the best of times, but evil times is particular.
The Socialist Party of Serbia has offered an example in terms of uniting and linking patriotic parties and people by the idea on setting up both republican and federal governments in several mandates as the Government of National unity, composed of the representatives of several leftist and several rightist parties. It also gave an example by constantly seeking common language with all political factors in the country, even with those who were in this decade were more than its political adversaries. The Socialist Party of Serbia still considers that all war and other games should be forgotten in the face of the fact that the country is fighting a battle for freedom and independence, that it is in the period of reconstruction and that a period of further development and reforms lies ahead. Common language can be found with everybody, except with those who do not speak their mother language, the language of this people and this country, but the language of force which frightened them and disgraced them in order to put under the flag of their fear and subjugation, the entire unfrightened and upright people. The only unburied hatchets, figuratively speaking, will be those in the hands where their rich patrons placed them, obliging them to cut with those hatchets disobedient heads of a proud people. Those rich patrons do not mind at all spilling someone else s blood which we have been able to see for ourselves last year. Why indeed should they continue to bloody their own hands when they have at their disposal domestic toadies and cowards willing to do their bloody job for them, loyally and cheaply.
Actually, we in
There are several big city centres on
In the towns where the local governments were set up as branch offices of some western Governments, those western Governments that took part in the bombing of Serbia, because they failed to make the entire Serbia their branch office, the authorities in those towns are blamed of being incompetent to carry out their duties and of not caring for the daily lives of their citizens. And that is true. But, is not the greatest sin of these local authorities that these cities no longer have public transport, or that it is too expensive, and that is slowly dying as one of the key elements of the modern city life, or the fact that the streets have not been cleaned, that the building facades are pealing off, that the corruption is rampant and that city centres increasingly look, socially and spiritually, like derelict suburbs. Not underestimating the importance of the degenerative phenomena and processes, I want to say the truth - they have not done evil to this people because they became the present-day janissaries. Because of the fact that after several centuries again we have local Turk converts. For those outside our country and those who are not familiar with our history, local Turk converts are the Serbs who during five centuries of slavery under the Turks. We believed that janissaries and converst were definitely a thing of the past. Perhaps the restoration of slavery would restore the janissaries. You never know. But we were not expecting such a surprise. There is still not slavery, but janissaries are here. I doubt that the present day janissaries will have the same fate as those in the past. Those from the past have chosen treason having suffered the hardships of slavery. This is not to justify janissaries, but it is at leas an explanation. For the new janissaries, there is not even an explanation. They hurried to kowtow and kiss the hands of the conquerors who just conceived some designs concerning their home land.
This Congress which we are holding 10 years after the establishment of the Socialist Party of Serbia has a task not only to deal with the Party, but with the State which has been headed by this Party for a full decade. To evaluate the decade and to anticipate the moves it considers are in the interest of the Party and the country.
As for the Party itself,
for ten years now, it is the greatest and strongest political party in
As for our country, it has to survive on several parallel and complementary fronts. It has to fight for its freedom and independence and stop fighting for them. It has to be reconstructed and developed in a quick, organized, modern and humane way. For such development concept we have the knowledge. For its realization, we have the unity of the people, creative energy of educated, hard-working and young people of our country and a great wish to live in a free, peaceful and progressive country, respecting all nations and all peace-loving and progressive people. And respecting ourselves. In the past, in the present and in the future.
I wish peace to our country.
I wish success to our Party in any good cause it espouses for its country and its citizens.
I wish success to our party in its efforts to strengthen the alliance among the leftists, to gather progressive people and preserve the unity of all patriotic forces in our country.
I wish to you, dear delegates, personal happiness and to your families, success in your professional life and party obligations you have assumed.
I wish that the new leadership of the Socialist Party of Serbia do their utmost, so that before the next Congress the Party may grow bigger and stronger, above all, for the sake of our country, but also for its own sake.